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South-Eastern Europe (SEE) covers Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro and Kosovo (territory under UN administration). The past decade of war, conflict and transition has left the region with a legacy of inadequate growth, declining living standards and high environmental stress. The region is mainly affected by heavy industrial pollution in urban-industrial areas, intensive agriculture with yet uncalculated health impacts, a lack of water technology and infrastructure, and industrial pollution from the mining sector. Shared resources such as transboundary lakes and rivers as well as biodiversity (e.g. in the Carpathian mountains) pose both a challenge and opportunity for cooperation.

Mining in South Eastern Europe has been identified as a sector requiring specific attention, and is the focus of several regional cooperation projects. Five demonstration projects will be finalised and launched in the period of 2006-2008 under the umbrella of the project “Environment and Security in South Eastern Europe: Improving regional cooperation for risk management from pollution hotspots as well as transboundary management of shared regional resources”. The publication ‘Mining for Closure’ produced in 2005 by the ENVSEC partners provides guidelines for sustainable mining in the region. Other key sectors for the region are cooperation on the protection of natural resources and biodiversity, such as park management, reducing the amounts of pesticides used in agriculture, and moving towards a multi lateral agreement towards protecting mountain regions.


Publications  ::  Projects  ::  Maps & Images  ::  Links & Resources  ::  Focal Points 


South Eastern Europe Publications

UNEP. Statement on mining
The statement presented on 2 March 2011 at the Inter-governmental Preparatory Meeting within the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD 19) in New York, mentions the ENVSEC success in reducing environment and security risks in the mining sector in South-Eastern Europe.  


Policy options and actions for expediting progress in implementation: Mining. Report of the UN Secretary-General
The report mentions the UNEP work on passive water mining treatment in the Western Balkans.  


Hungary toxic mud spill. Interview with Christophe Bouvier
Interview of Mr Christophe Bouvier, Regional UNEP Director for Europe, in the Geneva newspaper "Tribune de Genève", 12 October 2010 (available only in French) 


Towards the network of mountain protected areas in the Balkans and the Dinaric Arc
UNEP, 2010


Feasibility study on establishing a transboundary protected area. Sharr-Sar Planina-Korab-Desat-Deshat.
UNEP, 2010


Feasibility study on establishing a transboundary protected area. Prokletije-Bjeshket e Nemuna mountains
UNEP, 2010


Feasibility study on establishing a transboundary protected area. Durmitor-Tara Canyon-Sutjeska
UNEP, 2010


Mining and environment in the Western Balkans
May 3, 2010; ENVSEC initiative at CSD 18 in New York
. ENVSEC, 2010.

 Video Clip "Mining and environment in the Western Balkans"

> Interactive map "Mining and Environment in the Western Balkans"


blanckInnovative Techniques and Technologies for Contaminated Mine Waters Assessment, Management and Remediation. Technical Workshop Report. March 26 – 29, 2007; Brestovacka Spa, Bor, Serbia. ENVSEC, 2007.pdf

Balkan Vital Graphics. ENVSEC, 2007.
Frontmatter (0.2mb), BACKGROUND (12mb), MINING (24mb), WATER (12mb), NATURE (23mb), References (5mb).


Technical workshop on innovative techniques and technologies for contaminated mine waters assessment, management and remediation
March 26 – 29, 2007; Brestovacka Spa, Bor, Serbia. Workshop summary report
. ENVSEC, 2007.


Improving regional cooperation for risk management from pollution hotspots as well as the transboundary management of shared natural resources” - a short summary of the project. ENVSEC, 2006.


Draft of the refined assessment of the South Eastern European mining-related risks: Identification and verification of “environmental hot spots” for Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. Prepared as a part of the UNEP Vienna coordinated ADA project: “Improving regional cooperation for risk management from pollution hotspots as well as transboundary management of shared natural resources”. UNEP, 2006.


Mining for Closure - policies, practices and guidelines for sustainable mining and closure of mines
UNEP, 2005.
See also explanatory summary


Final Report from the sub-regional conference "Reducing Environment and Security Risks from Mining in South Eastern Europe and the Tisza River Basin", 11-13 May 2005, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
OSCE, UNDP, UNEP, NATO, 2005.


Desk Assessment on Reducing Environment & Security Risks from Mining in South Eastern Europe (SEE) - Rapid Environmental Assessment of the Tisza River Basin (TRB) (Explanatory summary)
OSCE, UNDP, UNEP, NATO, 2005.


Rapid Environmental Assessment of the Tisza River Basin. UNEP, 2004.
Almost five years after a cyanide spill from a gold mine in northern Romania travelled down the Tisza river in Hungary, leaving a trail of ecological destruction in its wake, local communities in the region remain at risk from floods and industrial pollution.


Reducing Environment & Security Risks from Mining in South Eastern Europe
Desk-assessment study for the Environment and Security Initiative Project
November 2004
See also EXECUTIVE SUMMARY


Environment and Security Consultations in South Eastern Europe
Skopje, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
23-24 September 2004
 


Environment and Security - Transforming risks into cooperation. The Case of Central Asia and South Eastern Europe. UNEP, 2003.
Also available in russian
 


Meeting Summary: Defining Environment & Security in SE Europe (182 kb)
1st Regional Consultation, SE Europe
Belgrade, December 3-4, 2002

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South Eastern Europe ENVSEC Projects

  Mining hotspots in South Eastern Europe: Feasibility study for the remediation of the Bor mine surface and groundwater - On-going

  Improving regional cooperation for risk management from pollution hotspots in South Eastern Europe/Reducing environment and security risks from mini - Completed [See also project website]

  Network Development of Local Actors from the Sava River Basin on Water resource Management - Completed [See also project website]

  Reducing impacts of agriculture in the Prespa Park region - Completed

  Monitoring and assessment of heavy metal pollution in River Prut, an important transboundary water resource (NATO ref. 974064) - Completed

  Harmonization of seismic risk prevention (NATO ref. 980468) - Completed

  Sustainable management of the international waters - Prespa Lake (NATO ref. 981116) - Completed

  Follow-up support for AIMS (Network of MEAs Senior Officials and Legal Experts for South Eastern Europe) - Completed

  Preparation of the Adriatic Sea Partnership - Completed

  Promotion and development of the "Governance Principles for FDI in Hazardous Activities"/TEGS - Completed

  Illegal Logging: Governance, Implementation and Enforcement - On-going

  Bi-/multilateral arrangements for prevention of transboundary environmental conflicts: the Timok River - On-going

  Management of shared natural resources - On-going

  Monitoring and improving the rivers in the Vardar/Axios watershed (NATO ref. 981877) - On-going

  Development of a monitoring system to counter-manage the risks of subsidence deformation of the population of Tuzla (NATO ref. 983305) - On-going

  Assessment of hazardous chemical contamination in the Sava River basin (NATO ref. 982590) - On-going

  Management and reduction of transboundary risks from hazardous activities - On-going

  Adaptation to the impacts of climate change for reducing risks in South Eastern Europe - On-going

  Supporting the implementation of the Aarhus Convention in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Completed

  Strengthening regional cooperation on environmental governance through participatory and informed decision-making and implementation processes - On-going

  Service to cooperation of the wider Drin basin - Planned

  Service to cooperation on the Timok River - Planned

  Access to justice in environmental matters - Planned

  Mining hotspots in South Eastern Europe: Feasibility study for Lojane mine cleaning and closure - Completed

  Walk on the wild side of life: border police explore the joint natural heritage of the Green Belt - Completed

  Transboundary management of shared natural resources in South Eastern Europe - Completed

  Mining hotspots in South Eastern Europe: Environmental assessment and remedial action plan project: Stanterg/Stari Trg and Artana mines - Completed

  Improving regional cooperation for the transboundary management of shared natural resources in South Eastern Europe/Enhancing transboundary biodiversi - Completed

  Bridging the gaps: enhancing implementation of multilateral environmental agreements in the Balkans - Completed

  Environment assessment and remedial action plan for Mitrovica Industrial Park - Completed

  Reducing environment and security risks from mining is South Eastern Europe - Completed

  "Energy and Environment Challenges to Security" - NATO advanced research workshop - Completed

  Strengthening the role of civil societies organisations and local communities - Completed

  Ensuring public participation in environmental impact assessments in Albania - Completed

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South Eastern Europe Maps & Images

ENVSEC Maps

 

 

       

Interactive map "Mining and Environment in the Western Balkans" (zip file)

 

 

 

 

 

 

             

 

   

Population displacements 1991 to 2001

 

Population Density in South-East Europe (2003)

 

Population Density in South-East Europe (2006)

 

Refugees and displaced people from the former Yugoslavia since 1991

             
     

Population groups
(2003)

 

Population groups
(2006)

  Environmental indicators   Environmental indicators (2)
             
     


Kosovo mining complexes

  Mojkovac mining facilities  

Rosia Montana planed mining facilities

 

Land Mines (2003)

             
     

Transboundary and Regional Environmental Cooperation [Balkans] (2003)

  Major industrial sites and ENVSEC pilot projects (2006)  

Major industrial sites and water pollution [Balkans] (2003)

  Hazardous industrial sites, water pollution and mines (2006)
             
     
GDP per capita   Population evolution   Elevation Map of SEE   Protected areas in SEE
             
     
Valhina - Malesevske Belasica   Sharr/Sara Mountains
and Korab Massif
  Bjeshket Nenuna / Prokeletije   Orjen - Snjeznica
             
     
Sutjeska - Durmitor
-Tara River Valley
  Tara Planina - Drina   West Stara Planina Mountains   Tara Planina - Drina
             
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South Eastern Europe Resources

UN Agencies

United Nations in Albania
United Nations in Bosnia and Herzegovina
United Nations in Serbia and Montenegro
United Nations in FYR of Macedonia
United Nations Peacekeeping operations
   FYR of Macedonia - United Nations Preventive Development Force
   Kosovo - United Nations Interim Administration mission in Kosovo

UNDP in Albania
UNDP FYR of Macedonia (Environment and Energy projects)
UNDP in Serbia and Montenegro (Environment and Energy projects)
UNDP in Bosnia and Herzegovina

UNOCHA ReliefWeb Albania
UNOCHA ReliefWeb Bosnia and Herzegovina
UNOCHA ReliefWeb FYR of Macedonia
UNOCHA ReliefWeb Serbia and Montenegro

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Conventions

Carpathian Convention

 

International and National Cooperation Agencies & NGOs

International Crisis Group (ICG) in the Balkans
  Albania
  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  FYR of Macedonia
  Kosovo
  Montenegro
  Serbia

 International Organisation for Migration - South Eastern Europe Section
  IOM in Albania
  IOM in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  IOM in FYR of Macedonia

 OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe)
  OSCE Presence in Albania
  OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina
  OSCE Mission to Montenegro
  OSCE Mission to Serbia
  OSCE Mission in Kosovo
  OSCE Spillover Monitor Mission to Skopje
  OSCE Office in Zagreb

 REC Country, field and project offices
  Albania or Albania
  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Bulgaria
  Croatia
  Kosovo
  Montenegro
  Romania
  Serbia
  Slovenia
  The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  Turkey
 

 Swisspeace
  Swisspeace Fast Early Warning System Albania
  Swisspeace Fast Early Warning System Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Swisspeace Fast Early Warning System Kosovo
  Swisspeace Fast Early Warning System FYR of Macedonia
  Swisspeace Fast Early Warning Serbia and Montenegro

 USAID
  Albania
  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  FYR of Macedonia
  Kosovo
  Serbia and Montenegro

 
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South Eastern Europe Focal Points


 Albania

Petrika JORGJI
Desk Officer, UN Department
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Albania
Gjergj Fishta – 6
Tel: + 355 4 364 090/142
Fax: + 355 4 364 401
E-mail: lxhaferraj@mfa.gov.al

Sajmir HOXHA
Chief of Cabinet
Ministry of Environment
Rruga e durreshit, Nr. 27
Tel: + 355 4 270 621
Fax: + 355 4 270 627
E-mail: sajmir@abissnet.com.al


 Bosnia and Herzegovina

Azra ROGOVIC
Senior Advisor
Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations
Musala 9
Tel: + 387 033 211 852
Fax: + 387 033 211 852
E-mail: azrarogovic@yahoo.co.uk


 Bulgaria

Detelina PEICHEVA
Expert, International Cooperation Department
Ministry of Environment and Water
22 Maria Luiza Blvd
1000 Sofia
Tel: +359 2 940 61 32
Fax: + 359 2 980 96 41
E-mail: dpeycheva@moew.government.bg

Emil YALNOZOV
Head of Directorate for the UN and Global Issues
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Tel: + 359 2 971 2332
Fax: + 359 2 971 9100
E-mail: eyalnozov@mfa.government.bg


 Croatia

Zana FAKIN
International Relations Department
Ministry of Environmental Protection, Physical Planning and Construction
Ulica Republike Austrije 14
10000 Zagreb
Tel: +385 1 37 17 105
Fax: +385 1 37 17 149
E-mail: zana.fakin@mzopu.hr


 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Kosta TRAJKOVSKI
Head of Unit for Project Preparation
Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning
Drezdenska -52
Tel: + 389 2 3066 930 ext. 155
Fax: + 389 2 3066 931
E-mail: k.trajkovski@moepp.gov.mk

Jani BOGOEVSKI
Head of DepartmentForeign Economic Policy
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Tel: +3892 3123044
Fax: +3892 311 5790
E-mail: jani.bogoevski@mfa.gov.mk


 Montenegro

Jelena KNEZEVIC
Head of Division for Strategic and Integration Processes, Sector for Environmental Protection
Ministry of Tourism and Environment
Rimski Trg 46 – PC Vektra
Tel: + 382 81 482 313
Fax: + 382 81 234 168
E-mail: jelenak@mn.yu


 UNMIK Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning Kosovo (Territory under UN Administration)

Nezakete HAKAJ
Head of Environment Protection Division
Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning Kosovo (Territory under UN Administration)
Rilindja Komplex, II office
218 Pristina
Tel: + 381 38 211 718 / +377 44 213 963 (mobile)
Fax: + 381 38 211716
E-mail: nezakete.hakaj@gmail.com

Ismail HETEMAJ
Head of Nature Protection Division
Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning Kosovo (Territory under UN Administration)
"Rilindja" Komplex, cont.III
212 Prishtina
Tel: + 381 38 211 805
Fax: + 381 38 211 716
E-mail: ihetemaj@yahoo.com


 Romania

Silviu STOICA
General Director of the Authority for Implementation of the Structural and Cohesion Funds for Environmental Infrastructure Projects
Ministry of Environment and Water Management
12, Libertatii Blvd
040129 Bucharest 5
Tel: +40-21 410 02 46 / 410 02 18
Fax: +40-21-312 42 27

Carmen  BURLACU
Director General
General Directorate for OSCE and Council of Europe, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
14 Modrogan Street, District 1
Tel: + 4021 230 75 79
Fax: + 4021 231 81 15
E-mail: ddo@mae.ro


 Serbia

Aleksandar VESIC
Assistant Minister
Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning
1 Omladinskih Brigada St
11070 Belgrade
Tel: + 38111 3132572 / + 38111 3132575
Fax: + 38111 3132574
E-mail: Aleksandar.Vesic@ekoplan.gov.rs

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Last Update 23/04/2010