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Central Asia

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Southern Caucasus

 

Central Asia encompasses Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, five countries positioned half-way between the Atlantic and the Pacific, the Tien-Shan mountains and the Caspian Sea. The region is rich in natural resources, which have been industrially exploited and processed for decades, often leading to considerable environmental pollution and degraded land. Decades of Uranium mining has left the region with poorly maintained radioactive waste storage sites. Kazakhstan’s already high level of natural radiation is increased by the remnants of nuclear test sites including the famous Semipalatinsk nuclear testing ground. Current and historical industrial pollution remains an environmental as well as a security threat throughout the region. Also the dried-up Aral Sea will probably remind generations to come that managing transboundary basins with many competing interests is not an easy task.

The in-depth assessment of environment and security risks in the Ferghana Valley was completed and published in 2005. It is now the basis for an extensive work programme, which focuses on the management of land and water resources, pollution from hazardous waste dumps and industrial activities, natural disasters, and biodiversity issues. Continuing projects in the region include media tour and training courses for professional journalists raising awareness of environment and security links in Central Asia, opening of Public Environmental Information Centres, and supporting environmental journalism festivals. Projects on natural disaster mitigation in local communities, capacity building of local environmental laboratories for radioactivity analysis and monitoring, studies of hazardous waste disposal and environment and health assessment are also currently being carried out in the boarder regions of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.

Other assessments in Central Asia region will concentrate on the East Caspian region, and the Amu-Darya river basin.


Publications  ::  Projects  ::  Maps & Images  ::  Links & Resources  ::  Focal Points 


Central Asia Publications

ENVSEC Central Asian Newsletter August 2010 
Also available in russian


ENVSEC Central Asian Newsletter June 2009 
Also available in russian


Environment and Security: Transforming risks into cooperation - The case of the Eastern Caspian Region. UNEP, UNDP, UNECE, OSCE, REC, NATO, 2008.
Also available in russian


ENVSEC Work Plan for Central Asia in RUSSIAN


ENVSEC Work Plan for Central Asia in ENGLISH


Meeting summary, Upper Amu Darya River Basin (Kabul 20-21 November 2007)


Meeting summary - East Caspian and Amu Darya consultations (17-18 September 2007 in Ashgabat)


Fifth Regional meeting of Oblast Environment Protection Departments on “Environment and Security Programme” in Ferghana Valley (Hotel “Dostuk”, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan 19 June 2007)
Also available in russian


Regional Workshop on Natural Disasters Preparedness in Ferghana Valley (Hotel “Dostuk”, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan 20 June 2007)
Also available in russian


Third Regional meeting of Local Environmental Authorities from Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan (Ala-Archa Residence, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan 13 February 2006) - SUMMARY REPORT. UNEP, 2006.
Also available in russian


Ferghana Valley Environmental Media Tour - 5 - 10 June 2005. UNEP, 2005.


Environment and Security: Transforming risks into cooperation - Central Asia - Ferghana / Osh / Khujand area. UNEP, 2005.
Also available in russian


Ferghana Valley assessment and regional workshop (Osh, Kyrgyzstan, 3-7 December, 2004) - Ferghana-Osh-Khudjand area - INTERIM REPORT. UNEP, 2004.


Environment and Security Initiative: Transforming Risks into Co-operation - Central Asia - Ferghana Triangle - BACKGROUND PAPER ( 5.54 Mb). UNEP, 2004.
Also available in russian


Environment and Security - Transforming risks into cooperation. The Case of Central Asia and South Eastern Europe. UNEP, 2003.
Also available in russian


Addressing Environmental Risks in Central Asia: Risks, Conditions, Policies, Capacities. UNDP, 2003.
This report assesses major environmental risks related to security and describes the socio-economic context and the institutional and policy framework available to address these in the five Central Asian countries.
Also available in russian


Background Paper - Environment & Security in Central Asia
A brief introduction to the links between environment and security, and a discussion of the issues of greatest relevance in Central Asia. Saule Ospanova, Alexander Carius, and Jason Switzer.


Meeting Summary: Defining Environment & Security in Central Asia (366 kb)
1st Regional Consultation, C Asia
Ashgabad, January 20-21, 2003

 
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Central Asia ENVSEC Projects

  Rapid environment and health risk assessment of industrial hotspots - Completed

  Natural disaster preparedness and risk reduction for communities in high-risk districts in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan - Completed

  Geo-environmental security of the Toktogul hydroelectric power station (NATO ref. 983142) - On-going

  Support to environmental festivals in Central Asia - Completed

  Assessment and Mitigation of Seismic Risk in Tashkent, Uzbekistan and Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic - Completed

  Sustainable Development of Ecology and Land and Water use through Implementation of a GIS and Remote Sensing Center in Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan - Completed

  SEMIRAD I - Investigation of the Radiological Situation in the Sarzhal Region of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site - Completed

  SEMIRAD II - Investigation of the Radiological Situation in the Sarzhal Region of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site (NATO/PDD/CP 980906) - Completed

  Study of Radioactive Waste Disposal Sites in Turkmenistan (NATO ref. 987439, 982200) - Completed

  Managing environment and security risks with EIA and SEA in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia - Planned

  Capacity building for cooperation on dam safety in Central Asia, Phase III - Planned

  Conflict prevention and support to bilateral cooperation in transboundary water management in the Isfara River basin - Planned

  Ferghana Valley info on web portal CARNET - Completed

  Assistance to Central Asian countries to implement the convention on the transboundary effects of industrial accidents (fact-finding mission) - Completed

  In-depth assessment of environment and security linkages and impact in the Eastern Caspian region of Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan - Completed

  Environmental Impact Assessment in a transboundary context: pilot implementation project in the Central Asia - Completed

  Strengthening coordination of project formulation and mobilization of resources for sustainable radioactive waste management in Central Asia - On-going

  Capacity building for cooperation on dam safety in Central Asia (Phase II) - On-going

  Integrated water resources management for wetlands restoration in the Aral Sea basin(Northern part) (NATO ref. 980896) - Completed

  Capacity for water cooperation: Workshop on river basin commissions (October 2007), Workshop on Water and Health (May 2008) - Completed

  New technologies of seismic resistant construction (NATO ref. 982167) - On-going

  Training in investigative journalism with respect to environment and security issues and linkages in Central Asia and Southern Caucasus - Completed

  A comprehensive study on glacial melting in Central Asia - On-going

  Adaptation to climate change in Chu-Talas River basin (inception phase) - On-going

  Support for Aarhus Centres in Central Asia - On-going

  Assistance to Central Asian countries to implement the convention on the transboundary effects of industrial accidents (implementation phase) - Planned

  Capacity building for radioactive waste management and early warning systems in the Ferghana Valley - Planned

  Adaptation to climate change in Chu-Talas River basin (implementation phase) - Planned

  In-depth assessment of environment and security linkages and impact in the Amu Darya River basin - On-going

  Planning for energy security and sustainability in Central Asia - Planned

  Enhancing regional exchange of water resource information (CAREWIB phase II) - Completed

  In-depth field assessment of environment and security hot spots in the Ferghana-Osh-Khudjand triangle and adjacent areas - Completed

  Environment conflict early warning system for Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan - Completed

  Biotechnical exploration of Uzbek saline water reserves using halo tolerant microalgae (NATO ref. 981690) - Planned

  Environment and security initiative in cross-border areas of the Ferghana Valley - Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan - Completed

  Microbiological safety of drinking water in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyz Republic (NATO ref. 982811) - On-going

  Environment security issues arising from the legacy of uranium extraction in Central Asia (NATO ref. 981742) - Completed

  Transboundary cooperation of communities in the Ferghana Valley in an effort of sustainable development (Phase III) - Completed

  Using stable isotopes, passive organic samples and modelling to assess environmental security in Khorezm, Uzbekistan (NATO ref. 982159) - Completed

  Promoting the implementation of the Aarhus Convention in Central Asia (follow-up) - Completed

  Mélange feasibility study in Kazakhstan - Completed

  Support to establishment and activities of Aarhus Public Information Centres in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan - Completed

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Central Asia Maps & Images

ENVSEC Maps

   

 

Environment and security priority areas in the Ferghana Valley

  Central Asia: political transition and environmental risks   Industrial pollution and waste hotspots in the Ferghana Valley   Climate change and natural disasters impact in the Ferghana Valley
 
   

 

Water issues in the Ferghana Valley

  Land issues in the Ferghana Valley   Topography and hydrography of the Ferghana Valley   Water withdrawal and availibility in the Aral sea basin
 
   

 

Rising water level in the Spitamen district

  Walnuts forests in the Jalal-Adad province   Radioactive waste in Taboshar   Hazardous industrial waste in Kadamjai
 
   

 

Radioactive,
chemical and biological hazards in Central Asia (2005)

  Population density in the Ferghana Valley   Ferghana Valley Oblasts   Population density in the Ferhana Valley provinces
 
   

 

Radioactive, chemical and biological hazards in Central Asia (2003)

  Water management: state and impact in Central Asia   Population groups in Central Asia   Four health indicators
 


 

     


Population density in Central Asia   Political transition and environmental risks        
 
   

 

The Caspian region
(russian)

  Urbanisation of the Caspian shores
(russian)
  Population growth in Eastern Caspian provinces
(russian)
  Population migration Mangystau province, Kazakhstan
(russian)
 
   

 

Population migration Atyrau province Kazakhstan
(russian)

  Natural population growth in Kazakhstan selected provinces
(russian)
  Evolution of crude oil production and export in the Caspian region
(russian)
  Crude oil production in the Caspian region
(russian)
 
   

 

Natural gaz production in the Caspian sea region
(russian)

  Natural gaz supply from the Caspian region
(russian)
  Crude oil supply from the Caspian region
(russian)
  Oil and gas infrastructure in the Caspian region
(russian)
 
   

 

The uncertain status of the Caspian Sea
(russian)

  Oil production, export and use in Kazakhstan
(russian)
  Gaz production, export and use in Turkmenistan
(russian)
  Economic performance in Kazakhstan selected provinces
(russian)
 
   

 

Crude oil production in Eastern Caspian countries
(russian)

  Structural change in gross national product
(russian)
  Gaz production, export and use in Turkmenistan
(russian)
  Economic performance in Kazakhstan selected provinces
(russian)
 
   

 

Salary differences Atyrau province, Kazakhstan
(russian)

  Poverty in Kazakhstan
(russian)
  Environmental issues in the northern Caspian Sea
(russian)
  Environmental issues around the Cheleken peninsula, Turkmenistan
(russian)
 
   

 

Uzen oil field and water supply, Magystau province, Kazakhstan
(russian)

  Uzen oil fil development and water use
(russian)
  Military test ranges and nuclear sites in the northern Caspian sea region
(russian)
  Radioactive waste in Kazakhstan's selected provinces
(russian)
 
   

 

Uranim production in Kazakhstan
(russian)

  Aktau nuclear complex
(russian)
  Drinking water sources and consumers
(russian)
  The Ural river transboundary watershed
(russian)
 
   

 

Total fish catch in the Ural-Caspian bassin
(russian)

  Sturgeon catch in the Ural-Caspian bassin
(russian)
  The Atrek river transboundary watershed
(russian)
  Catch of Clupeonella (Tulka) fish in the Caspian sea
(russian)
 
   

 

Decline in Caspian seals
(russian)

  Caspian sea level change
(russian)
  The extent of winter ice cover
(russian)
  Climate change and natural hazards in the Caspian region
(russian)

See also other maps

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Central Asia Resources

Regional Resources

 UN Agencies

United Nations Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia
UNDP Regional Bureau for Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (RBEC)
UNDP Central Asia Gateway
Environment and Sustainable Development in Central Asia
INRIN - CENTRAL ASIA: Weekly news wrap
CIS-7 Initiative

Authorities

Central Asia Task Force - Preparation of Regional Environmental action

International and National Cooperation Agencies & NGOs

Central Asia and the Caucasus Center
CENTRAL ASIA - CAUCASUS ANALYST
IFES - Central Asia
Institute for War & Peace Reporting
International Crisis Group (ICG)
 OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe)
OSCE Centre in Ashgabad
OSCE Centre in Astana
OSCE Centre in Bishkek
OSCE Centre in Dushanbe
OSCE Project Co-ordinator in Uzbekistan

Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia (CAREC)
USAID
   Central Asian Republics
   Central Asia Natural Resources Management Program (NRMP)

Other

Central Asia Water Info


Kyrgyzstan Resources

UN Agencies

United Nations in Kyrgyzstan
UNDP KYRGYZSTAN
  KYRGYZSTAN and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
  GEF/LIFE in Kyrgyzstan
  GEF Small Grants Programme Kyrgyztan
UNOCHA - ReliefWeb Kyrgyzstan
WorldBank - Mitigating Natural and Manmade Disasters in the Kyrgyz Republic

 

Authorities

MINISTRY OF ECOLOGY AND EMERGENCIES OF KYRGYZ REPUBLIC

 

International and National Cooperation Agencies & NGOs

International Crisis Group (ICG) - Kyrgyzstan
IOM - Mission in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Swisspeace Fast Early Warning System Kyrgyzstan

 

Tajikistan Resources

UN Agencies

United Nations Coordination Unit Tajikistan
UNDP Tajikistan
UNOCHA - ReliefWeb Tajikistan

 

International and National Cooperation Agencies & NGOs

International Crisis Group (ICG) - Tajikistan
Swisspeace Fast Early Warning System Tajikistan

 

Uzbekistan Resources

UN Agencies

United Nations Office Information Centre in Uzbekistan
UNDP Uzbekistan
UNOCHA - ReliefWeb Uzbekistan

 

Authorities

Uzbekistan Environment Programme - Atrof-Muhit (jointly with UNDP)

 

International and National Cooperation Agencies & NGOs

International Crisis Group (ICG) - Uzbekistan
Swisspeace Fast Early Warning System Uzbekistan

 
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Central Asia Focal Points


 Kazakhstan

Alexander BRAGIN
Chief of department of legal policy and international cooperation
Ministry for Environmental Protection
8, 35 street, Ministerial House
010000 Astana
Tel: (7 7172) 74-00-65
E-mail: a_bragin@eco.gov.kz


 Kyrgyzstan

Turar Almarbekovich SADYKBEKOV
Head of Ecological Monitoring Department
The State of Agency for Environment Protection and Forestry of the Kyrgyz Republic
Tel: +996 (312) 54 07 65
Fax: +996 (312) 54 07 66
E-mail: sadytilek@mail.ru


 Tajikistan

Makhmadsharif Makhmudovich  KHAKDODOV
Deputy Minister
Ministry of Energy and Industry
22 Ave. Rudaki
734012 Dushanbe
Tel: +992 92 771 75 53
E-mail: mkhakdodov@mail.ru


 Turkmenistan

Batyr  BALLIYEV
Chief of Department
Ministry of Nature Protection
102 Kemine St.
Tel: +993 (12) 352232
Fax: +993 (12) 39-8584
E-mail: bb712405@mail.ru


 Uzbekistan

Mr Ravshan Mamatkulov
Head of Department on Economics and Nature Use Management
State Committee for Nature Protection
99, Amir Temur ave.
700084 Tashkent
Tel: +998 (71) 239-1796
E-mail: mamatkulov72@mail.ru

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Last Update 23/04/2010